Entire monopile foundation removal
In the European seas, around 4500 Monopiles have been installed or are under construction. All these foundations eventually need to be decommissioned. Because most permits allow for partial removal, it is expected that around 1.6 million tonnes of steel will be left in the seabed. Wout Stapel’s research examines the feasibility of potential techniques that can be used for entire removal. In the end, the most competitive, safe and environmentally friendly technique is selected and validated.